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旅游景点英文范例介绍(四)

翻译天堂2019-06-11 15:07:37

Shangri-la is a name that has worked its way into theEnglish language. Synonymous with "utopia", the word was first usedin 1933, coined by the English author James Hilton in his novel "LostHorizon."

Shangri-la was a fictitious paradise,characterized by towering snow-capped mountains, lush forests, vast gorges andidyllic lakes. The beautiful scenery described by Hilton made the name stick inpopular memory and arouses a certain curiosity and mystery whenever it isheard.

However, there is a real Shangri-la, locatedin the Diqing prefecture in Yunnan Province and it actually manages to live upto it's mythologized name.

A one-day trip to Shangri-la isn't nearlyenough, however it can help make one feel like the turmoil and stress of citylife has never been farther away.

Shangri-la's peaceful atmosphere could bedescribed as spiritual, and with the amount of religious heritage, that seemsquite a fitting description. Only about three kilometers from the downtownarea, Songzanlin Monastery, or "Little Potala" as it isaffectionately known, is a spiritual hub for people to discover the mystery andtraditions of Tibetan Buddhism.

It is also the largest and most importantTibetan Buddhism complex in Yunnan. The magnificent temple sits on top of ahill and faces a vast grassland that used to be smothered by a lake. On a sunnyday, the tiles of the temple glitter and shine a brilliant gold.

The journey up the steps that lead to the mainprayer hall can prove to be an arduous undertaking. However, it allows peopleto briefly experience the hardship of the pilgrimage route that generations ofBuddhists living on the plateau take every year.

The main hall in the center of the complexfeatures imposing pillars and murals, which vividly depict the traditions andbeliefs of Tibetan Buddhism, such as the "wheel of life" thatillustrates the six realms of existenceheaven demigods, humankind, hell, hungry ghosts andanimals.

The incense drifting in wisps, the fragrantoil lamps and the number of old monks instructing younger ones, can give onethe impression that time has stood still in this little paradise since thecreation of the temple.

Bitahai Lake, also close to Shangri-la, isregarded as a "holy lake." In Tibetan, "bita" means"piece of land as soft as cattle hair" and the locals often call thelake "hai," or "sea" in Chinese.

The lake is surrounded by spruce-coveredmountains, and the water is tranquil and clear. If it is a bright day, you cansee schools of fish swimming deep below the surface.

The surrounding mountains are also spottedwith fields full of azaleas. Each year, in late spring and early summer, theflowers bloom. The wind carries the petals down into the lake and the fish riseto the top, vying with each other to eat them. These petals are slightlypoisonous and the fish become lethargic and slothfully, intoxicated by theflower's chemicals. This is an enchanting scene, known to the locals as"fish drunk by azalea." To preserve the delicate, natural harmony ofthe area, tourists are required to either walk or ride a horse around the lake.

武夷山英文介绍()

In 1996December, Fujian Wuyi Mountains was honored as "World Cultural and NaturalHeritage" by the UN Organization of Science, Education and Culture. WuyiMountains is situated in the Wuyishan city, the northern part of FujianProvince the main site is 60km2 inacreage, the average height of peaks is about 350 meters, it is a typical rosycloud landform it is a place of interesting witha long history, and among the first group of tourist sites elected as thenational key tourist resort, Mrs. Barerke, president of the executive committeeof World Tourism Organization, described it as "the model of worldenvironmental protection". If you take a bamboo raft trip fleeting throughthe river, you will get quite a view of the water and the mountain, andparticularly, the raft coffin hanging on the cliff, it is a special andmysterious burial 3800 years ago.

Wuyi Mountains is thousands of kilometerslong, just like a green dragon flying among Min, Zhe, Gan and Yue, fourprovinces. The world famous Wuyi Mountains nature reserve of national level isjust located on the highest place of the northern part of Wuyi Mountains it has the biggest acreage, best-preservedmid-subtropical ecological system in southeastern China. It is selected as aworld biological reserve and the A Reserve with world protection value by theUnited Nations. The natural condition inside the reserve is very advantageous,the forest cover is well preserved, biological resource is very rich, and thereare many rare birds and animals. 2466 kinds of higher plants, 840 kinds oflower plants, 475 kinds of spinal animals, and about 5000 kinds of insects havebeen formally named. There are 26 kinds of most valuable plants, 56 kinds ofnational first and second class valuable animals, in addition, several dozensof world rare breeds such as "Jiao Guai" can be found here.

颐和园英文介绍

Situatedin the western outskirts of Haidian District, the Summer Palace is 15kilometers (9.3 miles) from central Beijing. Having the largest royal park andbeing well preserved, it was designated, in 1960 by the State Council, as a KeyCultural Relics Protection Site of China. Containing examples of the ancientarts, it also has graceful landscapes and magnificent constructions. The SummerPalace is the archetypal Chinese garden, and is ranked amongst the most notedand classical gardens of the world. In 1998, it was listed as one of the WorldHeritage Sites by UNESCO.

Constructed in the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234),during the succeeding reign of feudal emperors; it was extended continuously.By the time of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), it had become a luxurious royalgarden providing royal families with rest and entertainment. Originally called "QingyiGarden" (Garden of Clear Ripples), it was know as one of the famous"three hills and five gardens" (Longevity Hill, Jade Spring Mountain,and Fragrant Hill; Garden of Clear Ripples, Garden of Everlasting Spring,Garden of Perfection and Brightness, Garden of Tranquility and Brightness, andGarden of Tranquility and Pleasure). Like most of the gardens of Beijing, itcould not elude the rampages of the Anglo-French allied force and was destroyedby fire. In 1888, Empress Dowager Cixi embezzled navy funds to reconstruct itfor her own benefit, changing its name to Summer Palace (Yiheyuan). She spentmost of her later years there, dealing with state affairs and entertaining. In1900, it suffered again, being ransacked by the Eight-Power Allied Force. Afterthe success of the 1911 Revolution, it was opened to the public.

Composed mainly of Longevity Hill and KunmingLake, The Summer Palace occupies an area of 294 hectares (726.5 acres), threequarters of which is water. Guided by nature, artists designed the gardensexquisitely so that visitors would see marvelous views and be amazed by perfectexamples of refined craftwork using the finest materials.

Centered on the Tower of Buddhist Incense(Foxiangge) the Summer Palace consists of over 3,000 structures includingpavilions, towers, bridges, and corridors. The Summer Palace can be dividedinto four parts: the court area, front-hill area, front-lake area, andrear-hill and back-lake area.

Front-Hill Area: this area is the mostmagnificent area in the Summer Palace with the most constructions. Its layoutis quite distinctive because of the central axis from the yard of Kunming Laketo the hilltop, on which important buildings are positioned including Gate ofDispelling Clouds, Hall of Dispelling Clouds, Hall of Moral Glory, Tower ofBuddhist Incense, the Hall of the Sea of Wisdom, etc.

Rear-Hill and Back-Lake Area: although theconstructions are fewer here, it has a unique landscape, with dense greentrees, and winding paths. Visitors can feel a rare tranquility, and elegance.This area includes scenic spots such as Garden of Harmonious Interest andSuzhou Market Street.

Court Area: this is where Empress Dowager Cixiand Emperor Guangxu met officials, conducted state affairs and rested. Enteringthe East Palace Gate, visitors may see the main palace buildings: the Hall ofBenevolence and Longevity served as the office of the Emperor, the Hall of JadeRipples where Guangxu lived, the Hall of Joyful Longevity, Cixis residence, the Hall of Virtue and Harmonywhere Cixi was entertained.

Front Lake Area: covering a larger part of theSummer Palace, opens up the vista of the lake. A breeze fluttering, waves gleamand willows kiss the ripples of the vast water. In this comfortable area thereare the Eastern and Western Banks, the Seventeen-Arch Bridge, Nanhu Island, andso on. On the western bank float six distinct bridges amongst which theJade-Belt Bridge is the most beautiful.

颐和园

颐和园是我国现存最完好、规模最宏大的古代园林。位于北京市海淀区境内,距天安门20余公里,占地290公顷。

颐和园原为封建帝王的行宫和花园,远在金贞元元年1153年)即在这里修建“西山八院”之一的“金山行宫”。明弘治七年(1494年)修建了园静寺,后皇室在此建成好山园。1664年清廷定都北京后,又将好山园更名为“瓮山行宫”。清乾隆年间,经过15年的修建工程,将该园改名为“清漪圆”。此时的清漪园,北自文昌阁至西宫门筑有围墙,东、南、西三面以昆明湖水为屏障,园内修建了许多亭台楼阁,桥廊斋榭,山清水秀,富丽堂皇。咸丰十年(1860年),英法联军疯狂抢劫并焚烧了园内大部分建筑,除宝云阁(俗称“铜亭”)智慧海、多宝琉璃塔幸存外,珍宝被洗劫一空,建筑夷为一片废墟。光绪十四年(1888年)慈待太后挪用海军经费3000万两白银,在清漪园的废墟上兴建起颐和园。光绪二十六年(1900年)颐和园又遭八国联军的野蛮破坏,后慈禧又动用巨款重新修复。数百年来,这里一直是封建帝王、皇室的享乐之地,解放辟为公园。1961年国务院公布颐和园为全国重点文物保护单位。

颐和园包括万寿山、昆明湖两大部分,园内山水秀美,建筑宏伟。全园有各式建筑3000余间,园内布局可分为政治、生活、游览三个区域。政治活动区,以仁寿段为中心,是过去慈禧太后和光绪皇帝办理朝事、会见朝臣、使节的地方。生活居住区,以玉澜堂、宜芸馆、乐寿堂为主体,是慈禧、光绪及后妃居住之地。风景游览区,以万寿山前山、后山、后湖、昆明湖为主,是全园的主要组成部分。

在世界古典园林中享有盛誉的颐和园,布局和谐,浑然一体。在高60米的万寿山前山的中央,纵向自低而高排列着排云门、排云股、德辉殿、佛香阁、智慧海等一组建筑,依山而立,步步高升,气派宏伟。以高大的佛香阁为主体,形成了全园的中心线。沿昆明湖北岸横向而建的长廊,长728米,共273间,像一条彩带横跨于万寿山前,连结着东面前山建筑群。长廊中有精美柁画 14000多幅,素有“画廊”之美称。位于颐和园东北角,万寿山东麓的谐趣园,具有浓重的江南园林特色,被誉为“园中之园”。

占全园总面积四分之三的昆明湖,湖水清澈碧绿,景色宜人。在广阔的湖面上,有三个小岛点缀,其主要景物是西堤、西堤六桥、东堤、南湖岛、十七孔桥等。湖岸建有廓如亭、知春亭、凤凰墩等秀美建筑,其中位于湖西北岸的清晏舫(石访)中西合璧,精巧华丽,是园中著名的水上建筑。后山后湖,林茂竹青,景色幽雅,到处是松林曲径,小桥流水,风格与前山迥然不同。山脚下的苏州河,曲折蜿蜒,时狭时阔,颇具江南特色。在岸边的树丛中建有多宝琉璃塔。后山还有一座仿西藏建筑——香岩宗印之阁,造型奇特。苏州街原为宫内的民间买卖街,现已修复并向游人开放。拥山抱水,绚丽多姿的颐和园,体现了我国造园艺术的高超水平。

紫禁城英文介绍

Lying atthe center of Beijing, the Forbidden City, called Gu Gong, in Chinese, was theimperial palace during the Ming and Qing dynasties. Now known as the PalaceMuseum, it is to the north of Tiananmen Square. Rectangular in shape, it is theworlds largest palace complex andcovers 74 hectares. Surrounded by a six meter deep moat and a ten meter highwall are 9,999 buildings. The wall has a gate on each side. Opposite the TiananmenGate, to the north is the Gate of Devine Might (Shenwumen), which facesJingshan Park. The distance between these two gates is 960 meters, while thedistance between the gates in the east and west walls is 750 meters. There areunique and delicately structured towers on each of the four corners of thecurtain wall. These afford views over both the palace and the city outside. TheForbidden City is divided into two parts. The southern section, or the OuterCourt was where the emperor exercised his supreme power over the nation. Thenorthern section, or the Inner Court was where he lived with his royal family.Until 1924 when the last emperor of China was driven from the Inner Court,fourteen emperors of the Ming dynasty and ten emperors of the Qing dynasty hadreigned here. Having been the imperial palace for some five centuries, ithouses numerous rare treasures and curiosities. Listed by UNESCO as a WorldCultural Heritage Site in 1987, the Palace Museum is now one of the mostpopular tourist attractions world wide.

Construction of the palace complex began in1407, the 5th year of the Yongle reign of the third emperor of the Mingdynasty. It was completed fourteen years later in 1420. It was said that amillion workers including one hundred thousand artisans were driven into thelong-term hard labor. Stone needed was quarried from Fangshan, a suburb ofBeijing. It was said a well was dug every fifty meters along the road in orderto pour water onto the road in winter to slide huge stones on ice into thecity. Huge amounts of timber and other materials were freighted from farawayprovinces. Ancient Chinese people displayed their very considerable skills inbuilding the Forbidden City. Take the grand red city wall for example. It hasan 8.6 meters wide base reducing to 6.66 meters wide at the top. The angularshape of the wall totally frustrates attempts to climb it. The bricks were madefrom white lime and glutinous rice while the cement is made from glutinous riceand egg whites. These incredible materials make the wall extraordinarilystrong.

Since yellow is the symbol of the royalfamily, it is the dominant color in the Forbidden City. Roofs are built withyellow glazed tiles; decorations in the palace are painted yellow; even thebricks on the ground are made yellow by a special process. However, there isone exception. Wenyuange, the royal library, has a black roof. The reason isthat it was believed black represented water then and could extinguish fire.

Nowadays, the Forbidden City, or the Palace Museumis open to tourists from home and abroad. Splendid painted decoration on theseroyal architectural wonders, the grand and deluxe halls, with theirsurprisingly magnificent treasures will certainly satisfy "moderncivilians".

明清两代皇帝居住的宫城叫做紫禁城。紫禁城有两座,一在北京,一在南京。南京紫禁城是明太祖朱元璋和建文帝朱允 4位皇帝和清代10位皇帝。他们在这里君临天下,统治中国491年,将近五个世纪。

这座故宫为什么称为紫禁城呢?原来,中国古代天文学说,根据对太空天体的长期观察,认为紫微星垣居于中天,位置永恒不变,是天帝所居。因而,把天帝所居的天宫谓之紫宫,有“紫微正中”之说。

封建皇帝自称是天帝的儿子,是真龙天子;而他们所居住的皇宫,被比喻为天上的紫宫。他们更希望自己身居紫宫,可以施政以德,四方归化,八面来朝,这到江山永固,以维护长期统治的目的。

明清两代的皇帝,出于维护他们自己的权威和尊严以及考虑自身的安全,所修建的皇宫,既富丽堂皇,又森严壁垒。这座城池,不仅宫殿重重,楼阁栉比,并围以10米多高的城墙和52米宽的护城河,而且哨岗林立,戒备森严。平民百姓不用说观赏一下楼台殿阁,就是看一看门额殿角,也是绝对不允许的。

明清皇帝及其眷属居住的皇宫,除了为他们服务的宫女、太监、侍卫之外,只有被召见的官员以及被特许的人员才能进入。这里是外人不能逾越雷池一步禁区。因此,明清两代的皇宫,既喻为紫宫,又是禁地,故旧称紫禁城。

北京紫禁城占地面积724250平方米,还没把护城河和护城河与城墙的绿化带计算在内。宫殿房屋建筑面积为155000平立米。紫禁城是一座长方形的城池,南北长961米,东西宽753米,四周有高10米多的城墙围绕,城墙的外沿周长为3428米(城墙外有宽52米的护城河,是护卫紫禁城的重要设施)。城墙四边各有一门,南为午门,北为神武门,东为东华门,西为西华门。城墙的四角有四座设计精巧的角楼。

北京紫禁城筹建于明成祖永乐(公元1404年~公元1424)五年,兴建于永乐十五年至十八年。整个营造工程由侯爵陈圭督造,具体负责是规划师吴中。紫禁城位于都城正中,中轴线穿过皇城正中,也就是穿过紫禁城中三大殿、三大宫。紫禁城正门为正南门午门,午门是宫城中最高的门座,朝中大赦、献俘等重大仪式都在午门举行。其北门为神武门,东门为东华门,西门为西华门。

紫禁城作为明清两代的宫城,也分为外朝、内廷两个部分。外朝是皇帝办公的地方。举凡国家的重大活动和各种礼仪,都在外朝举行。外朝由天安门——端门——午门——太和殿——中和殿——保和殿组成的中轴线和中轴线两旁的殿阁廊庑组成。内廷是皇帝后妃生活的地方,包括中轴线上的乾清宫、交泰殿、坤宁宫、御花园和两旁的东西六宫等宫殿群组成。


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